Dmitrieva V.A.


Research Full article

UDC 321.01

Abstract. The specifics of the path of Russia’s political development represent an urgent research task today. This fact stems from the fact that throughout history there has not been a consensus in understanding which measures and measures should underlie the Russian project of political modernization, as well as which of the existing factors contribute to it and which hinder it. In addition, there is no conventional understanding on the basis of which values Russian society has evolved throughout history, and which hindered its development until recently. However, there are a number of explanatory models that claim to be politically universal and act as paradigms within which it is necessary to consider the historical path and the current state of Russian statehood, as well as the peculiarities of the public consciousness of Russians. The author considers two of these models – the Westernist and the Slavophile: these models have become widespread and have influenced the understanding of the identity of the political path of development of Russia.

Keywords:Westerners, Slavophiles, Russian statehood, public consciousness, political modernization


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