THE EXISTENCE OF AFGHANISTAN IN THE CONDITIONS OF A “STATELESS SOCIETY” [In English]
Abstract. Despite the fact the modern world community is experiencing political, economic, cultural and geopolitical development due to the accelerating pace of globalization, not all countries existing on the world map are a model of well-being. Some states of Asia traditionally experience centuries-old difficulties in the process of integration into the world community, periodically rolling back in their political and economic development, exacerbating the geopolitical situation not only in their region, but throughout the world, creating a threat to international security. These outsider countries include Afghanistan, which still confirms the validity of its nickname – the “Graveyard of Empires”, given by the American researcher Seth G. Jones . The long-term systemic crisis led the Afghan society to the actual disintegration of the Afghan state as a political institution, and, as a result, it turned out to be very weak and unstable. The internal factors of the crisis complicated the activities of the central government, causing the failure of all undertaken official reforms. The preservation of the tribal structure in Afghan society did not allow official Kabul to create effective local authorities. In Afghanistan, the official government during the crisis has always been weak, due to which, in a number of remote areas, the local population fell under the destructive influence of warring extremist groups. However, due to the important geopolitical position of Afghanistan and the interest of the superpowers in it, this country in the last decades of the last century and the beginning of the new millennium became the scene of a clash of geopolitical interests, and became the center of political aspirations and intrigues of world powers. The modern Afghan crisis is one of the most difficult problems of global geopolitics. Therefore, the existence of Afghanistan in the conditions of a stateless society requires fundamental scientific research.
Keywords: Afghanistan, Stateless Society, Anarchy, Tribal System, State Structure, Afghan Crisis.
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